SICP - Solution: Exercise 1.21

Oct 15, 2018 02:03 · 284 words · 2 minute read

Exercise 1.21: Use the smallest-divisor procedure to find the smallest divisor of each of the following numbers: 199, 1999, 19999.

Solution

Just run the program, using trace:

(define (square x) (* x x))

(define (smallest-divisor n)
  (find-divisor n 2))

(define (find-divisor n test-divisor)
  (cond ((> (square test-divisor) n)
         n)
        ((divides? test-divisor n)
         test-divisor)
        (else (find-divisor
               n
               (+ test-divisor 1)))))

(define (divides? a b)
  (= (remainder b a) 0))

(trace find-divisor)

Then we can run a the examples=

(display (smallest-divisor 199))
>(find-divisor 199 2)
>(find-divisor 199 3)
>(find-divisor 199 4)
>(find-divisor 199 5)
>(find-divisor 199 6)
>(find-divisor 199 7)
>(find-divisor 199 8)
>(find-divisor 199 9)
>(find-divisor 199 10)
>(find-divisor 199 11)
>(find-divisor 199 12)
>(find-divisor 199 13)
>(find-divisor 199 14)
>(find-divisor 199 15)
<199
199
(display (smallest-divisor 1999))
>(find-divisor 1999 2)
>(find-divisor 1999 3)
>(find-divisor 1999 4)
>(find-divisor 1999 5)
>(find-divisor 1999 6)
>(find-divisor 1999 7)
>(find-divisor 1999 8)
>(find-divisor 1999 9)
>(find-divisor 1999 10)
>(find-divisor 1999 11)
>(find-divisor 1999 12)
>(find-divisor 1999 13)
>(find-divisor 1999 14)
>(find-divisor 1999 15)
>(find-divisor 1999 16)
>(find-divisor 1999 17)
>(find-divisor 1999 18)
>(find-divisor 1999 19)
>(find-divisor 1999 20)
>(find-divisor 1999 21)
>(find-divisor 1999 22)
>(find-divisor 1999 23)
>(find-divisor 1999 24)
>(find-divisor 1999 25)
>(find-divisor 1999 26)
>(find-divisor 1999 27)
>(find-divisor 1999 28)
>(find-divisor 1999 29)
>(find-divisor 1999 30)
>(find-divisor 1999 31)
>(find-divisor 1999 32)
>(find-divisor 1999 33)
>(find-divisor 1999 34)
>(find-divisor 1999 35)
>(find-divisor 1999 36)
>(find-divisor 1999 37)
>(find-divisor 1999 38)
>(find-divisor 1999 39)
>(find-divisor 1999 40)
>(find-divisor 1999 41)
>(find-divisor 1999 42)
>(find-divisor 1999 43)
>(find-divisor 1999 44)
>(find-divisor 1999 45)
<1999
1999
(display (smallest-divisor 19999))
>(find-divisor 19999 2)
>(find-divisor 19999 3)
>(find-divisor 19999 4)
>(find-divisor 19999 5)
>(find-divisor 19999 6)
>(find-divisor 19999 7)
<7
7