SICP - Solution: Exercise 1.9

Oct 1, 2018 21:03 · 187 words · 1 minute read

Exercise 1.9

Each of the following two procedures defines a method for adding two positive integers in terms of the procedures inc, which increments its argument by 1, and dec, which decrements its argument by 1.

(define (+ a b)
  (if (= a 0)
      b
      (inc (+ (dec a) b))))

(define (+ a b)
  (if (= a 0)
      b
      (+ (dec a) (inc b))))

Using the substitution model, illustrate the process generated by each procedure in evaluating (+ 4 5). Are these processes iterative or recursive?

Solution

First procedure

The procedure:

(define (+ a b)
  (if (= a 0)
      b
      (inc (+ (dec a) b))))

have a recursive process:

(+ 4 5)
(inc (+ 3 5))
(inc (inc (+ 2 5)))
(inc (inc (inc (+ 1 5))))
(inc (inc (inc (inc (+ 0 5)))))
(inc (inc (inc (inc 5))))
(inc (inc (inc 6)))
(inc (inc 7))
(inc 8)
9

Second procedure

The procedure:

(define (+ a b)
  (if (= a 0)
      b
      (+ (dec a) (inc b))))

have an iterative process:

(+ 4 5)
(+ 3 6)
(+ 2 7)
(+ 1 8)
(+ 0 9)
9